African Americans have managed to orchestrate one of the most impressive and unprecedented successful educational campaigns in modern day history. Since the historical and landmark case of Brown vs. the Board of Education in 1955, African Americans have managed to significantly increase their literacy rates, high school graduate rates, and college attainment rates in the United States. These historical accomplishments coupled with the 1965 passage of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, which mandated and provided equal funding to poorly-resourced schools by the federal government, African Americans were poised to educationally succeed in the United States…
Employment and Workforce Development
From the beginning of 1920’s until the mid-1960’s, many Black communities were situated around factories and industrialized companies. Therefore, the African American worker had close access to jobs, companies and employment. During this time many African Americans worked in factories producing goods, such as cars, steel, and machines. However, by the late 1960’s, plants and factories began to close rapidly, leaving few employment prospects, particularly for Black Americans. By the 1970’s approximately 17% of Black men were out of the labor market. By 1990 it peeked to over 25% of Black men. Already living in isolated and segregated communities and…
For decades, incarceration has been America’s solution to crime. From 1973 to 2009 America’s prison population grew by 703%. American society has the largest documented incarceration rate in the world. Over two million individuals are currently incarcerated within American prisons and jails. Nowhere is the impact of this prison industrial complex felt more profoundly than in the African American community. Often systemic policies, practices and barriers work against African Americans and negatively affect their life chances significantly…
Wealth and Asset Building
With the election of the first President of African American descent, many Americans asserted that our nation was entering a “post-racial” society. However, with the Great Recession of 2008 the African American community got hit disproportionally hard and lost billions of dollars in wealth; thus helping to remind America of the wealth inequality that exist based on race. In 2009, white households were about 20 times wealthier than black ones, and that is expected to grow. Whites have traditionally had more assets than blacks but due to the recession, the racial wealth gap has significantly increased…
Health and Wellness
Despite the United States being one of the wealthiest
countries in the world, it ranks nearly at the bottom on
key health indicators like infant mortality and life expectancy.
Even though there have been great strides in medical
science to improve overall life expectancy and reduce
overall rates of several chronic diseases such as cancer
and diabetes, not all U.S. residents have benefited equally.
In particular, quality of health often falls along racial lines.
For example, African Americans die at a rate that is 150%
higher than that of their White counterparts (National Center
for Health Statistics, 1998)…